Nepal Information

Nepal Travel Information

Location
Between India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.

Area & Population
147,181 Sq. Kms & Approximately 22 Million

Latitude & Longitude
26'12' and 30'27' North & 80 degree 4' and 88 degree 12' East

Capital
Kathmandu

People
Over 40 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages.

Political-System
Multiparty Democracy With Constitutional Monarchy.

Topography
From the World's Deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8850m.

Vegetation
Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine Deserts.

Climate
Climate ranges from sub-tropical in the low lands to Arctic higher altitudes.

Seasons
Winter (December - February)
Summer (March - May )
Monsoon (June - August)
Autumn (September - November)

National Bird & National Flower
Impean Pheasant (Danfe) & Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)

World Heriatge Sites
Ten of which seven World Heritage Sites are situated within 20 kms. Of radius, in the Kathmandu Valley.

Flora and Founa
840 different species of wet-land, migratory and residential bird, 8% of the world's population of birds.

Home to Endangered Species Like
Royal Bengal Tiger, One horned rhino, Snow - Leopard, Red Panda, Brown Bear, Assamese Macaque, Gangetic Dolphin, Wolf, Wild Elephant, Giant Horn - Bill, Swamp Deer, Wild Yak, Tibetan Antelope, Black Buck, Four Horned antelope, Musk Deer, Pigmy Hog, Haspid Hare, Pangolin, Gharial, Indian Bustart, Saras Crane, Impean Pheasant, Python etc.

A Living Cultural Heritage
Nepal's Heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism & Witch-craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums. The only country that has living goddess "Kumari"

History Of Nepal
For centuries the kingdom of Nepal remained divided into many principalities. Kirats ruled in the east, the Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, While Gurungs and Magars occupied the mid-west. The Kirats ruled from 300 BC and during their reign, emperor Ashoka arrived from India to build a pillar at Lumbini in memory of Lord Buddha. The Lichchhavis whose descendants today are believed to be the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley followed the kirats. During this period, art thrived in Nepal and many of the beautiful woodcarving and sculptures that are found in the country belong to this era. With the end of the Lichchhavi dynasty, malla kings came to power in 1200 AD and they also contributed tremendously to Nepal's art and culture. However, after almost 600 years of rule, the kings were not united among themselves and during the late 18th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, King of Gorkha, conquered Kathmandu and united Nepal into one kingdom. Recognizing the threat of the British Raj in India, he dismissed European missionaries from the country and for more than a century, Nepal remained in isolation. During the mid-19th century Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal's first prime minister to wield absolute power. He set up and oligarchy and the Shah kings remained figureheads. The Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950s.

Entry Procedure and Visa Rules
Nationals of SAARC countries and China do not need visa when visiting Nepal. As per this rule, Indian nationals do not require visa. However, effective from October 2000, Indians traveling to Nepal by air have to show upon arrival at entry point a valid photo identity like a passport, voter's identity or an identify card issued by the Indian government. Temporary identity card with photographs issued by Nepal-based Indian diplomatic missions is considered in case of exception. Children under 10 years need not show any identification.

Other non-Nepali visitors do not need visa to be in Nepal for three days. Visa must be obtained for staying over the initial period of three days. Free visa is to be given to tourists for re-entry to Nepal provided they stay at least for 15 days in the country in that visa year.

First single entry to Nepal for 60 days from the date of entry is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible foreign or Nepali currency. The second entry in the same visa year for 30 days from the date of entry is US $ 30.

Multiple entry for one visa year is US $ 50 plus US $ 30 for single entry or equivalent convertible foreign or Nepali currency.

Visa Fees and Extensions
Visa can be extended for those who wish to stay for more than 60 days at the Department of Immigration, Bhrikutimandap, Kathmandu. Children under 10 years need not pay any visa fee. Two passport size photos are essential. The visa fee is US $30 for the single entry and US $50 for multiple entries.

Business Visa
For foreign investors business visa (with multiple entry) can be obtained from the Department of Immigration for the period of one year or five years upon the recommendation of the Ministry of Industry by paying the equivalent of US $ 100 and US $ 250 respectively in Nepalese currency.

Transit Visa
A transit visa can be obtained from Airport immigration or at the entry point of Nepal without any problems. There will be no charge for 3 days on presentation of an airline ticket.

Passports
All visitors except the Indian Nationals must hold passport and valid visa.

The Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India has issued a circular conveying that children between the age group of 10-18 years may be allowed to travel between India and Nepal by air on the strength of their national passport or an identity document issued by the Principal of the school in the prescribed proforma, states a letter sent by Embassy of India based in Kathmandu to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, His Majesty's Government of Nepal on February 25, 2004. Earlier, it was mandatory for children to produce passport in traveling between India and Nepal by air.